American code makers were often frustrated by the inability or refusal of combat units to use the codes—or worse, to use them properly. The Americans adopted a series of codes named after rivers, beginning with "Potomac". In the civil engineering field, trenches are often created to install underground infrastructure or utilities such as gas mains, water mains or telephone lines , or later to access these installations. Barnes eventually learning to produce them at a rate that surprised British colleagues. They formed a band called Ramsay Fiction.
Vast numbers of men were sacrificed in futile offensives to break these lines, with the usual result being little more than a dent of a few kilometers at best. With armies generally immobile, distributing codebooks and protecting them was easier than it would have been for armies on the move. To be sure, trench-raiding parties could sneak into enemy lines and try to snatch codebooks, but then an alarm could be raised and a code quickly changed. They were changed on a regular basis anyway.
The French began to develop trench codes in early They started out as telephone codes, implemented at the request of a general whose forces had suffered devastating artillery bombardments due to indiscretions in telephone conversations between his men. The original telephone code featured a small set of two-letter codewords that were spelled out in voice communications. This grew into a three-letter code scheme, which was then adopted for wireless, with early one-part code implementations evolving into more secure two-part code implementations.
The British began to adopt trench codes as well. The Germans started using trench codes in the spring of , evolving into a book of 4, codewords that were changed twice a month, with different codebooks used on different sectors of the front. The French codebreakers were extremely competent at cracking ciphers but were somewhat inexperienced at cracking codes, which require a slightly different mindset. It took them time to get to the point where they were able to crack the German codes in a timely fashion.
Within a single day, an individual may need to navigate between two or more dress codes. For example, many navigate between a home dress code and a work dress code; usually this ability is a result of cultural acclimatization. Different societies and cultures will have different dress norms, although Western styles are widely accepted as valid.
The dress code has built in rules or signals indicating the message being given by a person's clothing and how it is worn. This message may include indications of the person's gender, i Codes and ciphers were used extensively in World War I. The decoding by British Naval intelligence of the Zimmermann telegram helped bring the United States into the war. The most commonly used codes were simple substitution codes. More important messages generally used mathematical encryption for extra security, though.
A man wear a sport coat with khakis as part of a smart casual. Smart casual is an ambiguously defined dress code that is generally a neat yet casual attire. Different localities, kinds of events, contexts, or cultures can have varying interpretations of the dress code and therefore the designation of certain clothing pieces as smart casual is disputed.
The sleeveless dress with three-quarter overblouses, in smock appearance completing it for street wear, is accorded various interpretations. It is at once practiced and gives a smart casual appearance. Early life Barfoot was born on June 15, , in Edinburg, Mississippi. In December , he was promoted to sergeant and reassigned to the Headquarters Amphibious Force Atlantic Fleet in Quantico, Virginia, where he served until the unit was deactivated in Brass knuckles Brass knuckles, also sometimes called knuckles, knucks, brass knucks, knucklebusters, knuckledusters, an English punch or a classic, are weapons used in hand-to-hand combat.
Brass knuckles are pieces of metal shaped to fit around the knuckles. Despite their name, they are often made from other metals, plastics or carbon fibers. Designed to preserve and concentrate a punch's force by directing it toward a harder and smaller contact area, they result in increased tissue disruption, including an increased likelihood of fracturing the victim's bones on impact.
The extended and rounded palm grip also spreads across the attacker's palm the counter-force that would otherwise be absorbed primarily by the attacker's fingers, reducing the likelihood of damage to the attacker's fingers.
History and variations Brass knuckles carried by Abraham Lincoln's bodyguards during his train ride through Baltimore. Look up low in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Low or LOW may refer to: Mineral resource classification is the classification of mineral resources based on an increasing level of geological knowledge and confidence.
Mineral resources that are potentially valuable, and for which reasonable prospects exist for eventual economic extraction. Mineral reserves or Ore reserves that are valuable and legally and economically and technically feasible to extract In common mining terminology, an "ore deposit" by definition must have an 'ore reserve', and may or may not have additional 'resources'.
Classification, because it is an economic function, is governed by statutes, regulations and industry best practice norms. He appears at the very beginning of the book, in chapter one, wearing a waistcoat, and muttering "Oh dear!
I shall be too late! Alice encounters him again when he mistakes her for his housemaid Mary Ann and she becomes trapped in his house after growing too large. The Rabbit shows up again in the last few chapters, as a herald-like servant of the King and Queen of Hearts.
Was he framed on the "Alice" lines, or meant as a contrast? As a contrast, distinctly. For her 'youth', 'audacity', 'vigour', and 'swift directness of purpose', read 'elderly', 'timid', 'feeble', and 'nervously shilly-shallying', and you will get something of what I meant him to be. I think the White Rabbit should wear spectacles. I'm sure his voice sho He transferred to the University of Pennsylvania two years later, where he received an economics degree from the Wharton School and a degree in physics from the College of Arts and Sciences.
He began a Ph. Captured by the Japanese in Singapore, he was forced to work on the Burma Railway. He taught classics at Shrewsbury School, where he became housemaster, and for a year at Christ Church.
He was headmaster of Bradfield College, where he raised academic standards and instituted a substantial programme of new building works. Appointed headmaster of Eton College in , he broadened the curriculum immensely and introduced a greater focus on achieving strong examination results, but was asked to leave in after disagreements with housemasters and an unpopular attitude to caning, which became the subject of a press controversy after his death.
Following a one-year break during which he taught for one term at the prep school Swan Konrad von Limpurg as a knight being armed by his lady in the Codex Manesse early 14th century Chivalry, or the chivalric code, is an informal, varying code of conduct developed between and , never decided on or summarized in a single document, associated with the medieval Christian institution of knighthood; knights' and gentlewomen's behaviours were governed by chivalrous social codes.
The code of chivalry that developed in medieval Europe had its roots in earlier centuries. It arose in the Holy Roman Empire from the idealisation of the cavalryman—involving military bravery, individual training, and service to others—especially in Fran Joshua Ramsay is a Canadian singer, songwriter, producer, recording engineer, actor, and the lead vocalist of pop rock band Marianas Trench.
He has dual citizenship in the US and Canada. He grew up in a family filled with music. His mother was a vocal teacher and his father owned a recording studio. Ramsay inherited that love of music by initially starting his own solo career at the age of He decided later that he needed a supporting band. They formed a band called Ramsay Fiction. Ramsay and Webb had to search for new band members after Ramsay Fiction didn't work out.
Ian was later a help in finding the bassist, Mike Ayley, as they had previously been in a band together. The four members formed the band named Fix Me to represent the Limitless is a American science fiction thriller film directed by Neil Burger and written by Leslie Dixon.
The film follows Edward Morra, a struggling writer who is introduced to a nootropic drug called NZT, which gives him the ability to fully utilize his brain and vastly improve his lifestyle.
A television series of the same name, covering events that take place after the film, debuted on September 22, , but was cancelled after one season. Plot Eddie Morra is a struggling author with writer's block. His girlfriend Lindy, frustrated with his lack of progress, breaks up with him. Eddie encounters Vernon, the brother of his ex-wife Melissa, who gives Eddie a sample of a new nootropic called NZT Returning to his apartment, Ed Regina Trench Staufen Riegel was a German trench dug along the north-facing slope of a ridge running from north-west of the village of Le Sars, south-westwards to Stuff Redoubt Staufenfeste , close to the German fortifications at Thiepval on the Somme battlefield.
It was the longest such trench on the German front during the First World War. Attacked several times by the Canadian Corps during the Battle of the Ancre Heights, the 5th Canadian Brigade briefly controlled a section of the trench on 1 October but was repulsed by counter-attacks of the German Marine Brigade equivalent to an army division , which had been brought from the Belgian coast.
The Canadians met litt The last earned her six nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series — , winning in and A member of the Democratic Party, he was the second most senior member of the Senate when he died and is the third-longest-continuously-serving senator in United States history.
For many years, Kennedy was the most prominent living member of the Kennedy family. Ted was also the last surviving, longest-living, and youngest son of Joseph P. He was the youngest brother of John F.
Ted Kennedy was 30 years old when he first entered the Senate following a November special election in Massachusetts to fill the vacant seat previously held by his brother, John, who had taken office as the president.
Western dress codes are dress codes in Western culture about what clothes are worn in what setting. Classifications are traditionally divided into formal attire full dress , semi-formal attire half dress , and informal attire, with the first two sometimes in turn divided into day and evening wear.
A level below these are sometimes referred to as casual attire, often in combinations such as "smart casual" or "business casual" in order to indicate higher expectation than none at all. The more formal traditional Western dress code interpretations - that is formal i. For women, though, changes in fashion have been more dynamic. Yet, although casual inventions, combinations and reinterpretations of t New World vultures, such as the California condor, were placed incertae sedis within the Class Aves until the recognition of the new Order Cathartiformes.
Plumalina plumaria Hall, 6. Incertae sedis Latin for "of uncertain placement"  is a term used for a taxonomic group where its broader relationships are unknown or undefined. Terence Cuneo — was an English painter famous for his scenes of railways, horses, ceremonies, and military action.
Duke of Edinburgh born Look up mt in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. MT, Mt, mT, mt, or Mt. Literature and journalism M. The name was later changed to N. It was lightly armoured and carried no weapons. It was designed to advance upon an enemy position largely below ground level in a trench that it was itself excavating. On reaching the enemy's front line, it would serve as a ramp for the troops and possibly tanks following in its trench. The overall weight was tons The Malabar Hill Tower of Silence today.
Zoroastrian exposure of the dead is first attested in the mid-5th century BC Histories of Herodotus, but the use of towers is first documented in the early 9th century CE. One of the earliest literary descriptions of such a building appears in the late 9th-century Epistles of Manushchihr, where the technical term is astodan, "ossuary".
He was an influential interpreter and promoter of the U. As the first Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton was the main author of the economic policies of George Washington's administration.
He took the lead in the Federal government's funding of the states' debts, as well as establishing a national bank, a system of tariffs, and friendly trade relations with Britain. His vision included a strong central government led by a vigorous executive branch, a strong commercial economy, a national bank and support for manufacturing, and a strong military. Thomas Jefferson was his leading opponent, arguing for agrarianism and smaller government. Hamilton was born out of wedlock in Charlestown, Nevis.
He was orphaned as a c Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved June 7, Her half-brother, Edward VI, ruled until his death in , bequeathing the crown to Lady Jane Grey and ignoring the claims of his two half-sisters, Elizabeth and the Roman Catholic Mary, in spite of statute law to the contrary. Edward's will was set aside and Mary became queen, deposing Lady Jane Grey. During Mary's reign, Elizabeth was imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels.
In upon Mary's death, Elizabeth succeeded her half-sister to the throne and set out to rule by good counsel. A gravity-type stone retaining wall Retaining walls are relatively rigid walls used for supporting the soil mass laterally so that the soil can be retained at different levels on the two sides. Retaining walls are structures designed to restrain soil to a slope that it would not naturally keep to typically a steep, near-vertical or vertical slope.
They are used to bound soils between two different elevations often in areas of terrain possessing undesirable slopes or in areas where the landscape needs to be shaped severely and engineered for more specific purposes like hillside farming or roadway overpasses. Definition A retaining wall is a structure designed and constructed to resist the lateral pressure of soil, when there is a desired change in ground elevation that exceeds the angle of repose of the soil.
But the term usually refers to a cantilever retaining wall, which is a freestanding structure without lateral support at its top. Lincoln led the United States through the American Civil War—its bloodiest war and perhaps its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. Largely self-educated, he became a lawyer in Illinois, a Whig Party leader, and was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives, in which he served for eight years.
Elected to the United States House of Representatives in , Lincoln promoted rapid modernization of the economy and opposed the Mexican—American War. After a single term, he returned to Illinois and resumed his successful law practice. The Americans adopted a series of codes named after rivers, beginning with "Potomac". They learned to print the codebooks on paper that burned easily and degraded quickly after a few weeks, when the codes would presumably be obsolete, while using a font that was easy to read under trench conditions.
American code makers were often frustrated by the inability or refusal of combat units to use the codes—or worse, to use them properly. A soldier engaged in combat doesn't always feel the need to do things "by the book" even when there are very good reasons to do so, and generals on the front line felt that they had other things to worry about.
One codemaker suggested that the best way to address the problem was to publicly hang a few offenders, but he lacked the authority to do so. The British and French were already familiar with such problems in "communications discipline". They hadn't completely solved the problems either, but they had at least managed to get it through the heads of most of their signalmen that if they didn't have time to properly encrypt a message, they shouldn't bother trying; send the message unencrypted, or "in the clear".
A partially or badly encrypted message could undermine a cipher or code system, sometimes completely, which made an unencrypted message far preferable. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
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In cryptography, trench codes were codes used for secrecy by field armies in World War I. A reasonably-designed code is generally more difficult to crack than a classical cipher, but of course suffers from the difficulty of preparing, distributing, and protecting codebooks. Trench code topic. Trench Codes (a form of cryptography) were codes used for secrecy by field armies in World War I. Originally, the most commonly used codes were simple substitution codes, but due to the relative vulnerability of the classical cipher, trench codes came into existence. American Trench Promo Codes for October, Save with 12 active American Trench promo codes, coupons, and free shipping deals. 🔥 Today's Top Deal: 20% Off Any Purchase. On average, shoppers save $34 using American Trench coupons from obmenvisitami.tk