Women's sizes are divided into various types, depending on height. For individual body differences, changes can be made in body and sleeve lengths when appropriate.
These were based on the chest measurement, with other measurements being assumed to be either proportional the circumference of the neck, waist, hips, and thighs or easily altered length of the inseam Felsenthal As this was largely successful in men, the same approach was attempted in the early 20th century for women using the bust as the sole measurement Felsenthal However, this proved unsuccessful because women's bodies have far more variety in shape.
A woman with an hourglass figure and a woman with an apple-shaped figure who have the same bust size will not have the same waist or hip sizes. This was a significant problem for mail-order companies, and several attempts at predictable, standard sizing were made Felsenthal In the s, the statisticians Ruth O'Brien and William Shelton received a Works Progress Administration grant to conduct the most ambitious effort to solve this problem.
Their team measured almost 15, women across the US. After discovering the complex diversity of women's actual sizes, which produced five to seven different body shapes, they proposed a three-part sizing system. Each size would be the combination of a single number, representing an upper body measurement, plus an indicator for height short, regular, and long and an indication for girth slim, regular, and stout.
The various combinations of height and girth resulted in nine different sizes for each numerical upper-body measurement, which was highly impractical for manufacturing Felsenthal As a result, O'Brien and Shelton's work was rejected. In , the National Bureau of Standards invented a new sizing system, based on the hourglass figure and using only the bust size to create an arbitrary standard of sizes ranging from 8 to 38, with an indication for height short, regular, and tall and lower-body girth plus or minus.
The resulting commercial standard was not widely popular, and was declared voluntary in and withdrawn entirely in It has not been widely adopted. Women's sizes are divided into various types, depending on height. These charts give an indication of size only and are by no means exact as they vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, sometimes by a full inch up and down.
There are multiple size types, designed to fit somewhat different body shapes. Variations include the height of the person's torso known as back length , whether the bust, waist, and hips are straighter characteristic of teenagers or curvier like many adult women , and whether the bust is higher or lower characteristic of younger and older women, respectively.
Please compare to your favorite fit charts. These measurements conflict with many other size charts. These charts are significantly smaller than many current US clothing companies.
Following are several sizing charts. For individual body differences, changes can be made in body and sleeve lengths when appropriate. However, consideration must be given to the project pattern. Certain sizing changes may alter the appearance of a garment. Do not draw the tape too tightly. Center Back Neck—to-Wrist- With arm straight, measure from back base of neck, across shoulder, and along arm to wrist.
Back Waist Length- Measure from the most prominent bone at base of neck to the natural waistline. Upper Arm- Measure around the widest section of the upper arm located above the elbow. Armhole Depth- Measure from the top outside edge of the shoulder down to the armpit. Waist- Measure your waist at the smaller circumference of your natural waist, usually just above the belly button. Head Circumference- For an accurate head measure, place a tape measure across the forehead and measure around the full circumference of the head.
Keep the tape snug for accurate results. Sock Measurements- The following measurements are for crew-style or dress socks, which usually come several inches above the ankle and below the calf.
U.S. standard clothing sizes for women were originally developed from statistical data in the s and s. At that time, they were similar in concept to the EN European clothing size standard, although individual manufacturers have always deviated from them, sometimes significantly. U.S. Junior Apparel Size Chart. Juniors sizes are for younger women and are designated by uneven sizes ranging from 1 to The sizes for juniors are usually slimmer in the hips and bust than misses sizes (to fit the growing, younger body shapes of teenagers). 14 rows · Check out Groupon's sizing charts for women's apparel and accessories.